Text Box: Research Projects
Text Box: The Exodus - In the Footsteps of Moses

A vital clue is found in the writings of the Judean historian Flavius Josephus, where we read in The Wars of the Jews, book IV, chapter VIII, "...there are still the remainders of that divine fire; and the traces of the five cities are still to be seen."   Josephus gives us a further clue as to the location of these cities and in particular the city of Sodom, when he writes "The country of Sodom borders upon the Sea of Asphaltitis (the Dead Sea). It was of old a most happy land both for the fruits it bore and the riches of its cities, although it be now all burnt up."   Josephus confirms that the remains of the five cities, Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim and Zoar, referred to in the Bible as the five cities of the plain were still to be seen after over two thousand years. The fact that the ruins of these cities had not ‘grown-over’ after this length of time was a very important clue which helped lead to the discovery of the remains of these cities, located in the vicinity of the Dead Sea in Israel.  Structural evidence is still very much visible along with the recognizable shapes of ziggurats, in addition to the typical twin-walled Canaanite defensive constructions with turrets located at regular intervals. The presentation is supported by photographic, biblical, historical, and scientific evidence, confirming the existence of the five cities of the plain and their subsequent destruction by fire and brimstone.

 

Text Box: Sodom and Gomorrah
(The discovery of the ruins of the biblical cities)
Text Box: 	    The
  Biblical Research
      Society (UK)
Seek and ye shall find

The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel

An award winning lecture presented by Donny Mackay, who examines the biblical story leading to the formation of the 12 Tribes of Israel and explains how the land of Canaan was divided and allocated to these tribes.

 

The story continues to reveal the fate of the 10 northerly tribes (The House of Israel) after their deportation by the Assyrians and how evidence confirms that these tribes were never "lost" as many mistakenly believe, but proves that their descendents live on to this day in great numbers. The fate of the 2 remaining tribes (The House of Judah) in the south of Israel after their release from Babylonian captivity is also discussed.

 

This presentation is the product of several years research work, proving the accuracy of the biblical story and demonstrating by archaelogical, historical, scientific and DNA evidence how the story of the tribes of Israel continues to this day.

Out of Egypt  - Across the Red Sea - On to Mount Sinai.

What evidence exists in Egypt today to confirm that the Israelites spent many years in slavery in the land of Goshen?

Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus?

What was the date of the Exodus?

What route did the Israelites take that led them to the Red Sea and where exactly did they cross?

How were the waters of the Red Sea parted?

Where is the real Mount Sinai and what evidence exists today to confirm the precise location of the mountain of Moses?

Hear the incredible story with photographs and evidence by Douglas Law and Donny Mackay who followed the route taken by the Children of Israel many years ago.

 

The Assyrian Tablets

The Assyrian tablets were found in 1850 A.D. in the excavations of the Assyrian Royal Library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh. Today these tablets are housed in the British Museum in London.

Important historic records were recorded on these clay cuneiform tablets by Assyrian scribes and were later translated by Professor Leroy Waterman of the University of Michigan and although published in 1930, it was some time later before it was realized that some of the tablets, dated around 707 B.C. contained vital information relating to the fate of the "lost" tribes of Israel during their period in captivity, their subsequent escape from the land of Assyria, and the sequence of events in their history before commencing with their migrations to their new homelands. The situation had been further complicated by the fact that the Israelites were known by different names during their captivity in Assyria. Some of the information contained in these tablets was to prove invaluable to Donny Mackay during his research into the fate of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel.

The Excavations at King David´s Palace, Jerusalem

The biblical critics have said for many years that King David never existed and that there was no such place as King David’s Palace in Jerusalem, but those who have visited Jerusalem in the past few years, however, will now tell you otherwise, as King David’s Palace has finally been found and the excavations are now quite extensive.

 

Archaeologist Dr Eilat Mazar initially predicted where the palace would most likely be located and she has now been proved to be correct. One off her major finds in the ruins was pottery dating back to the year 10 B.C.E. at the time of King David along with pottery dating from the time of the Jebusites.  Another interesting find was a layer of ash dating back to approximately 586 BCE, the year that Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians.  In this layer of ash Dr Mazar found two clay seals bearing the names of Gedaliah son of Pashhur and Jehukal son of Shelemiah as mentioned in the Book of Jeremiah 38:1.  Other interesting finds include Zedekiah’s tunnel and more recently, the Pool of Siloam where Jesus healed the sight of the blind man.

 

David Jones, who has spent considerable time engaged in research work in Jerusalem in recent years, offers a highly informative presentation accompanied by stunning photographs, literally bringing the Bible back to life. When interviewed in Jerusalem recently, David said, "I am standing here approximately twenty-five feet directly below the area where the original visitor centre was located, looking up at the sky. It is just incredible being here seeing everything reappearing after all these years. King David’s Palace is currently a very busy place with between seventy and a hundred archaeologists and assistants working here on a daily basis."

The Missing Years of Jesus Christ

There is no information to be found in the Bible relating to the life of Jesus Christ from the age of twelve to the age of thirty.  The ‘Missing Years of Jesus Christ’ is a biblical investigation involving several years of research work by David Jones.

 

Many stories circulate today regarding the activities and whereabouts of Jesus Christ during these ‘missing’ 18 years due to the canonical Gospels having left a ‘narrative vacuum’ that many have since attempted to fill.  Was Jesus Christ merely working as a carpenter in Galilee during this period in his life, or is there more to this story?

The Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls have often been referred to as one of the greatest and most important discoveries of all time. Discovered between 1947 and 1956 in the caves of Qumran located to the north-west of the Dead Sea in Israel, the Dead Sea Scrolls date from around 250 B.C. to 68 A.D. and were written mainly in Ancient Hebrew and Biblical Greek, with a smaller percentage in Aramaic. They are believed to have been written by the Essenes, scholarly biblical scribes who dwelled in the vicinity of Qumran before and immediately after the time of Jesus Christ. The Essenes are now believed to have fled around A.D.70 in the advance of the Roman Army and our latest research now suggests that they took refuge in the mountain-top fortress at Masada, where they ended their days around A.D.73 when Masada fell to the Romans after a lengthy siege. The Essenes  were never to return to Qumran and consequently the  Dead Sea Scrolls remained undiscovered for nearly 2000 years.

This crucial collection of ancient writings are invaluable to our understanding of the development of the Hebrew Bible, and the beginnings of Christianity.

The Ancient Languages of the Bible Lands

An in-depth study of the ancient languages of the biblical lands explaining the origin,  evolvement, and branches of the Semitic languages, demonstrating how these languages are grouped into three main groups, the Eastern Semitic, Western (or North-Western) Semitic and the South-Western or Southern Semitic Group.

The Eastern Semitic group applies mainly to Mesopotamia where the main language was Akkadian with two main dialects, namely Assyrian and Babylonian. The Northwest Semitic group consists of Ugaritic, various Canaanite languages (mainly Phoenician, Biblical Hebrew, Moabite, and Edomite) and Biblical Aramaic which eventually supplanted Akkadian and Hebrew. The South-western Semitic group includes Arabic and also Ethiopic, now classed as a Semitic language and not Hamitic as was previously believed.  Robert McClelland demonstrates how the Aramaic alphabet was derived from Phoenician and how the Paleo Hebrew script is virtually identical to the ancient Phoenician script and explains how the Phoenician script is the source of the English and Greek alphabets, before he continues to outline the classification of Hebrew pronunciation.

The Creation—Unravelling the Mysteries of Genesis

The book of Genesis has always been one of the most difficult books in the bible to understand.  One of the reasons for this is due to many translation errors, some as a result of the English copy of the King James Bible having been translated from the Septuagint rather than direct from Biblical Hebrew, the language in which it was originally written.  Donny Mackay explains how the Book of Genesis can be seen in a very different light by translating direct from Biblical Hebrew and how many events in Genesis such as the Creation and the Flood can convey a more accurate and clearer picture.

Noah and the Great Flood

Report currently in preparation.

Text Box: What Happened to Cain?

Report currently in preparation.

Joshua and the Conquest of Caanan

The follow-up to the Exodus story commencing with the arrival of the Israelites at Mount Nebo in Jordan.  Archaeological evidence from the sites of Jericho, Ai, and Hazor along with other finds such as the Alter of Joshua, provides us with positive confirmation supporting the historical reliability of the Bible as described and outlined in the books of Joshua and Judges. Douglas law also demonstrates how the Bible offers some chronological insight regarding  the precise dating period of the conquest of Canaan.

In the early 1960s, a team of archaeologists at Tell Mardikh, 30 miles south of Aleppo in Syria, uncovered the remains of a city that dated to between 2500 and 1600 BC.  This city was later identified as the city of Ebla during excavations which took place between 1964 and 1973, following the  unearthing of a statue with an inscription dedicated to Ibbit-Lim, son of Ikris-Hepa, King of Ebla.   Amongst the findings was a well preserved Royal Library containing over 20,000 clay tablets, a discovery regarded by many archaeologists to be as important as that of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The tablets, described as an "empire inscribed in clay" contain the records of an entire vanished empire.

The writing on the tablets was in cuneiform, the style of the people of Mesopotamia, but the language was not theirs.  A team of experts led by Italian professor, Giovanni Pettinato, the official epigrapher of the dig, were given the task of deciphering the mysteries of the tablets.  The information contained on the tablets provided confirmation of certain biblical events such as the existence of the biblical cities referred to in the bible as the Five Cities of the Plain which included  Sodom and Gomorrah. The tablets provide evidence of trade between Damascus and the cities of the plain which were located close to the route of the King’s Highway that ran down from Damascus. We find that these cities were genuine and were flourishing around 2300 BC as confirmed by the tablets.

Evidence of the existence of the King’s Highway, both past and present, has since been confirmed by Robert McClelland.

The Ebla Tablets

RESEARCH GUIDE

The information provided on this page was prepared by our Research Coordinator Maureen Black, and is basically a summary of each presentation/project based on information extracted from the original reports submitted by our research workers.  Many of these reports contain well over 50 pages.

 

Wisemen image.  Copyright © V. Gilbert & Arlisle F. Beers.

THE LOST TEN TRIBES

"How strange it is, that with all the definite and positive assurances in the Word of God as to Israel’s continuance for ever as a Nation, there has never been any continued or persistent effort on the part of genuine Bible believers to find them. That they have been content to let them fade away and vanish into nothingness is surely a deep reproach on all true Christians."

 

E. Raymond Capt

M.A., A.I.A., F.S.A. Scot.

 

The Star of Bethlehem project can be summarised as an examination of the biblical, historical, and astronomical evidence along with the Julian and Hebrew calendars, recreating the events of over 2000 years ago at the time of the birth of Jesus Christ.

 

The Star of Bethlehem presentation has been described by William Syme, president of the Biblical Research Society as "A masterpiece of biblical, historical and astronomical detective work."  He mentions how Donny Mackay was the ideal person to undertake this investigation, having studied at several universities at different times in his life, and how ‘The Star of Bethlehem’ is an excellent example of how he utilises his biblical, historical and astronomical skills combined to produce a very powerful and highly interesting presentation.  Said William Syme: "It all began when Donny investigated a vital clue in the book of Revelation prompting him to examine the night sky as it would have looked over two thousand years ago using computer astronomical software; an intriguing search that  would lead to the discovery of the Star of Bethlehem."

 

Said Donny: “The software I used was originally designed as a working tool for astronomers to enable us to see the situation in the night sky, weeks, months, or even years ahead but at the same time, however, we can also use this product to see how the night sky would have looked over two thousand years ago.”

 

Donny Mackay is a regular lecturer in astronomy and also one of the principal lecturers and research workers with the Biblical Research Society (UK).  In addition to being an astronomy graduate, he has also studied numerous other subjects including history, languages, and Biblical Studies covering Old and New Testament, Biblical Hebrew, Biblical Aramaic, and Biblical Archaeology.

 

He confirms in the first instance how there are more than sufficient clues in the bible alone, which when examined in unison enable us to determine the exact year when the birth of Jesus Christ occurred.  He proceeds by demonstrating  that when this evidence is then taken into account along with astronomical and historical evidence and an examination of the Julian and Hebrew Calendars in use at the time, how we can accurately determine the exact dates of the conception, birth, and baptism of Jesus Christ and the precise date and time when he died on the cross, revealing how the authenticity of the biblical account can be verified, i.e. how the discovery of the Bethlehem Star scientifically confirms the Biblical events and how every event and date relating to the Star of Bethlehem story are all in perfect synchronisation.

 

Said Donny: “There were so many pitfalls that the biblical gospel writers could have fallen into, but did not.  We can now see how the entire sequence of events relates to a large jigsaw puzzle where every little piece fits perfectly.”

 

Said Dr Michael Davies of the Biblical Research Society: “For centuries, many have tried to explain the mysterious star that appeared in the sky above Bethlehem over two thousand years ago and astronomers have suggested various explanations, but neither astronomy nor the Bible alone will answer this question; you have to examine the wider picture which is precisely what Donny Mackay has done. His evidence is totally overwhelming and highly convincing.” .

The Star of Bethlehem                                                                 NEW

Ron Alexander has devoted many years of his life to the search for the Ark of the Covenant and much of his research work to date is outlined in this lecture.  Ron has frequently been accompanied by many other researchers and archaeologists from the Biblical Research Society, including president William Syme, who has often said that: "The finding of the Ark of the Covenant with the Tablets of Moses would be the greatest archaeological discovery of all time and would go a long way towards silencing the biblical critics and sceptics forever."

 

The Search for the Ark of the Covenant